laboratoire de physique statistique
 
 
laboratoire de physique statistique

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JOURNAL OF NONLINEAR SCIENCE 


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P U B L I C A T I O N S



 
2015
Spontaneous Flows in Suspensions of Active Cyclic Swimmers - Brotto, Tommaso and Bartolo, Denis and Saintillan, David
JOURNAL OF NONLINEAR SCIENCE 251125-1139 (2015)

Abstract : Many swimming cells rely on periodic deformations to achieve locomotion. We introduce in this work a theoretical model and numerical simulations in order to elucidate the impact of these cyclic strokes on the emergence of mesoscale structures and collective motion in swimmer suspensions. The model extends previous kinetic theories for populations of identical swimmers to the case of self-propelled particles undergoing transitions between pusher and puller states, and is applied to quantify how the unsteadiness of the hydrodynamic velocity field, to which each swimmer population contributes, affects the onset and characteristics of spontaneous flows. A linear stability analysis reveals that the sign of the population-averaged dipole determines the stability of the uniform isotropic state, with suspensions dominated by pushers being subject to growing nematic bend fluctuations. Stochastic transitions, however, are also seen to provide an additional damping mechanism. To investigate the population dynamics above the instability threshold, we also perform direct particle simulations based on a slender-body model, where the growth or decay of the active power generated by the swimmers is found to be a robust measure of the structural and dynamical instability.